In our Pediatric Psychology unit, the psychological development of children of all age groups is followed, and psychological problems are diagnosed and treated. A number of psychometric evaluations are performed in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood problems.
Health is an inseparable whole with its physical and mental dimensions, and they affect each other. Our mind-body and mental health are in a relationship. Mental health is an integral part of our overall health. Mental health is the ability of the individual to be at peace with him/herself, the people around him/her and the society, and to maintain the necessary effort to achieve balance, order and harmony. Psychology should not be considered only within the scope of the treatment of mental illnesses. Health, creativity, academic success, happiness in childhood requires being psychologically healthy as well as being physically healthy. The main purpose of the Pediatric Psychology department is in line with this. When the psychological state of children is considered and followed, satisfaction, happiness and success will be achieved from school corridors to neighborhood streets.
One of the most common problems in childhood is anxiety problems. This can also be called a state of emotional restlessness. It is a feeling of anxiety that accompanies fear, distress, worry that something bad is going to happen. In children, this can cause academic difficulties, self-confidence problems, social withdrawal, phobias, and obsessions.
Problems such as attention deficit and hyperactivity, language and speech disorders, Encopresis (rectal incontinence), Enuresis (urinal incontinence) are common in childhood. When mental problems experienced in childhood are not treated, they cause a number of negative consequences that will affect adult life. It is possible for adults to be in harmony with life and people, with the feelings they have acquired in their childhood. The essence of each person is his/her own childhood. The greatest favor that can be done for a child is to give him/her the opportunity to live his/her childhood.
A number of psychometric evaluations are performed in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood problems. Psychological tests are a systematic approach that provides an environment and opportunity to ask questions that will provide information about individuals’ abilities, skills, performances, motivations, attitudes and defenses. In order to obtain a healthy result, the test must be standardized, its norms must be determined, and must be reliable and valid. Another important reason is that these tests are carried out by competent psychologists who are trained.
Child Assessment Tests Conducted in Our Pediatric Psychology Unit
It is a projective test that gives information about a person’s thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and motivations. It allows us to comment on the family and interpersonal relationships of the individual. The aim of CAT is to reach the underlying dynamics of children’s personality and identify basic conflicts, impulses and conflicts. Pictures efficiently stimulate the imagination. In the therapy process, the patient gets to know more closely; It plays an important role in understanding the person’s coping skills, conflict resolution methods, defenses, briefly, personality structuring.
Wisc-R (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children)
WISC-R is a clinical measurement tool that measures the cognitive abilities of children aged between 6 years 0 months and 16 years 11 months.
It also provides the calculation of sub-tests representing intellectual functioning in specific cognitive domains and the transformed scores of these sub-tests, and the transformed scores representing general mental ability. It consists of different sub-tests that assess children’s skills in different areas. The application time is expected to last 60-120 minutes on average. and may differ from person to person. As a result of the application, the strengths and aspects that need to be developed regarding the relevant skill areas of the person to whom the measurement is applied are revealed and provide rich data for the support program to be planned in the clinical setting.
Gesell Developmental Figures Test
It is a performance evaluation test applied to children between the ages of 3 and 7, and measures motor skills, visual perception, visual memory, hand eye coordination and muscle skills in children. In addition, this test allows to monitor the physical and biological development of the child, to examine and evaluate the general developmental processes such as whether he/she performs the behaviors of his/her age.
The test consists of 7 main shapes ranked from easy to difficult. Children are asked to remember the figures shown for a short time and draw the same ones. Evaluation is made by scoring the drawn figures. The total score indicates the child’s level of development.
Metropolitan School Readiness Test
In order for the child to adapt to school, it must be at a certain level in terms of physical, mental, social and emotional development.
The metropolitan school readiness test is a performance test that can be applied to children between the ages of 5 and 6, measuring whether the child is ready to start primary school. This test has been prepared to measure the characteristics and achievements of new students who will be ready to understand the first grade instructions.
The test is administered individually, and the application time is 24 minutes. It consists of 6 sub-tests such as word comprehension, general knowledge of sentences, matching, numbers, copying and a total of 100 items.
Frostig Developmental Visual Perception Test
It is a performance test that helps assess visual perceptions and measures a child’s readiness to start primary school. Frostig visual perception test, which is made with a paper-pencil, can be applied to children aged 4-8 individually or in groups and takes approximately 35 – 45 minutes. The test examines five different areas of visual perception, such as hand-eye coordination, shape-ground separation, shape constancy, spatial location perception, and spatial relations perception.
Denver II Developmental Screening Test
It is a developmental test made with information received from the mother, family or people related to the child in order to evaluate children’s language, cognitive, fine and coarse motor skills, social skills, and self-care skills. It is a comprehensive inventory that provides objective information about the child’s general developmental level.
There is no time limit for the test applied to children aged 0-6. The test gives the opportunity to determine in detail how far behind or forward the child is in developmental areas according to his/her chronological age. The inventory allows infants and children who are thought to be at risk for developmental delays and disorders to be identified in the early period and necessary precautions can be taken for them.
Bender Gestalt Visual Motor Perception Test
It is a performance test that gives information about the development of children’s visual perception, visual motor coordination and fine motor skills.
It is applied individually to children between the ages of 5 years 6 months and 10 years 11 months. It is a paper-pencil test consisting of a total of 9 shapes. There is no time limit.
Each figure is shown to the child in turn and asked to copy the figure on paper. Scoring is done by looking at the mistakes in the figures drawn by the child. Information on the child’s cognitive level, school success, visual motor performance, neurological deterioration, and executive functions can be obtained.
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
It is a performance test applied to children between the ages of 2-12 to measure their language development.
There are questions on the test that aim to measure vocabulary development with pictures. There is no time limit for the test. Each card has 8 pictures. The child is asked to show the picture that corresponds to the word said to him/her. According to the chronological age, the child’s receptive language age is found.
Porteus Labyrinths Test
It is used as an individual intelligence test applied to individuals between the ages of 7-14.
The test consists of 12 maze cards of various difficulty levels determined according to age ranges. It is based on solving the mazes correctly in accordance with the given instructions. It is a performance-based test. It is applied individually. There is no time limit application.