Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Signs

Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Signs

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. This condition causes repeated interruptions in breathing, which can severely affect sleep quality, leading to daytime fatigue, lack of concentration, and other health issues.

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a condition where the airway becomes blocked or narrowed during sleep, causing breathing to temporarily stop. There are three main types:

  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Occurs due to physical blockage of the airway.
  2. Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): Happens when the brain fails to control the breathing muscles.
  3. Complex Sleep Apnea: A combination of both obstructive and central sleep apnea features.

Symptoms and Signs of Sleep Apnea

The symptoms and signs of sleep apnea can significantly impact a person’s daily and nightly life. Here are the most common symptoms:

  1. Loud Snoring:
    • The most noticeable symptom of sleep apnea, often observed by others.
    • Snoring is caused by the narrowing of the airways, which forces air to pass through with difficulty.
  2. Pauses in Breathing During Sleep:
    • Repeated stops and starts in breathing during sleep.
    • This severely disrupts sleep quality and causes frequent awakenings.
  3. Excessive Daytime Sleepiness:
    • Extreme fatigue and sleepiness during the day due to inadequate sleep.
    • This can negatively affect work or school performance and increase the risk of accidents.
  4. Morning Headaches:
    • Frequent morning headaches may be a symptom of sleep apnea.
    • These headaches are caused by insufficient oxygen intake during the night.
  5. Dry Mouth and Sore Throat:
    • Waking up with a dry mouth and sore throat.
    • This can result from breathing through the mouth during sleep.
  6. Frequent Awakenings and Insomnia:
    • Frequent awakenings and feelings of insomnia.
    • Sleep apnea causes continuous sleep disruptions, preventing uninterrupted sleep.
  7. Concentration and Memory Problems:
    • Attention and memory issues due to insufficient sleep.
    • This can negatively impact daily activities and cognitive functions.

Health Risks

If left untreated, sleep apnea can lead to various health problems, including:

  • High Blood Pressure: Sleep apnea increases blood pressure, raising the risk of hypertension.
  • Heart Diseases: It can lead to cardiovascular problems like heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Sleep apnea increases insulin resistance, raising the risk of diabetes.
  • Depression and Anxiety: Sleep disorders can have adverse effects on mood.

Doctors of the Relevant Department:

Sur. Dr. Burhan KOCAMAN

Sur. Dr. Bilal ÇETİN