Facial Paralysis and Movement Disorders

Facial Paralysis and Movement Disorders

Facial paralysis and movement disorders are serious neurological conditions that can affect both children and adults. These disorders manifest as a loss of control over facial muscles, restrictions in body movements, and difficulties in performing daily activities. In this article, we will provide detailed information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment methods of facial paralysis and movement disorders.

What is Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis is the inability to move the facial muscles due to damage to the nerves that control them. This condition usually occurs on one side of the face and appears suddenly. Facial paralysis can result from various causes, including inflammation of the facial nerve, infections, tumors, or trauma.

Symptoms of Facial Paralysis

  • Sudden facial asymmetry: The most noticeable symptom is sudden asymmetry on one side of the face.
  • Difficulty closing the eye: Difficulty in closing the eye on the affected side.
  • Drooping mouth: The corner of the mouth may droop, causing difficulties in speaking and eating.
  • Loss of taste: Loss of taste on the front part of the tongue.
  • Ear pain: Sometimes, pain and sensitivity in the ear.

Movement Disorders

Movement disorders are a group of neurological diseases that lead to disruptions in the control of voluntary muscle movements. These disorders manifest as tremors, muscle stiffness, muscle weakness, coordination problems, and abnormal movements. The most common movement disorders include Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, tremor, and Huntington’s disease.

Symptoms of Movement Disorders

  • Tremors: Involuntary shaking is the most common symptom.
  • Muscle stiffness: Feeling of stiffness and rigidity in the muscles.
  • Slowness of movement: Slowing down of movements (bradykinesia).
  • Postural instability: Balance problems and a tendency to fall.
  • Involuntary movements: Abnormal movements such as chorea (dance-like movements) and dystonia (involuntary muscle contractions).


The diagnosis of facial paralysis and movement disorders is usually made through physical examination and evaluation of the patient’s medical history. Neurological tests, blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scans are also used to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment and Management

The treatment of facial paralysis depends on the underlying cause. Steroids, antiviral medications, physical therapy, and surgical interventions are some of the methods used to treat facial paralysis.

The treatment of movement disorders generally aims to alleviate symptoms. Medication, physical therapy, surgical interventions, and deep brain stimulation are among the methods used. For conditions like Parkinson’s disease, medications such as levodopa and dopamine agonists are commonly used.

Doctors of the Relevant Department:

Spec. Dr. Seher BAKIRTAŞ

Sur. Dr. Burhan KOCAMAN

Sur. Dr. Bilal ÇETİN